Fleas are small, blood sucking nuisances to cats, dogs and on occasion, humans. Fleas are tiny, measuring at about 1/8 on an inch. They are flat and wingless but they have legs that allow them to jump vertically as high as 6 inches. Fleas range in color from black to a reddish brown. Adult fleas attach to cats and dogs where they feed and begin to lay eggs within 24 hours. Fleas can consume up to 15 times their body weight; females lay eggs after each blood feeding which averages to about 350 to 800 each. Eggs hatch in approximately 10 days; larvae feed from the feces of adult larvae which contain dried blood from the host animal. Backward facing spines allow fleas to stay attached to animal fur and move effortlessly through their fur making them extremely elusive and an all-around inconvenience to pets and their owners. Pets would display discomfort by wincing and itching constantly; this can be a sure sign of them being infested with fleas. Treatment includes pets and areas that they frequent e.g dog beds, furniture, carpets. Pet owners can vacuum to help eliminate the presence of fleas and disrupt cocoons leaving fleas exposed to chemical treatment. Chemicals used to treat areas in the home should not be used to treat the fleas attached to the animal since fleas can build a resistance towards the chemical. Oral treatments are available for pets using medication in the form of chewable tablets. Should an exterminator be needed for treatment; ensure the home is prepared so all clothing, pet beds and other items that are on the floor should be removed, bagged and labelled. All areas where pets lay or occupy will need to be treated.